Unified Payments Interface (UPI)
Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is a system that powers multiple bank accounts into a single mobile application (of any participating bank), merging several banking features, seamless fund routing & merchant payments into one hood. It also caters to the “Peer to Peer” collect request which can be scheduled and paid as per requirement and convenience.
With the above context in mind, NPCI conducted a pilot launch with 21 member banks. The pilot launch was on 11th April 2016 by Dr. Raghuram G Rajan, Governor, RBI at Mumbai. Banks have started to upload their UPI enabled Apps on Google Play store from 25th August, 2016 onwards.
How is it unique?
Immediate money transfer through mobile device round the clock 24*7 and 365 days.
Single mobile application for accessing different bank accounts
Single Click 2 Factor Authentication – Aligned with the Regulatory guidelines, yet provides for a very strong feature of seamless single click payment.
Virtual address of the customer for Pull & Push provides for incremental security with the customer not required to enter the details such as Card no, Account number; IFSC etc.
Bill Sharing with friends.
Best answer to Cash on Delivery hassle, running to an ATM or rendering exact amount.
Merchant Payment with Single Application or In-App Payments.
Scheduling PUSH and PULL Payments for various purposes.
Utility Bill Payments, Over the Counter Payments, Barcode (Scan and Pay) based payments.
Donations, Collections, Disbursements Scalable.
Raising Complaint from Mobile App directly.
Participants in UPI
Bank Account holders
UPI – Benefits to the Ecosystem participants
Benefits for banks:
Single click Two Factor authentication
Universal Application for transaction
Leveraging existing infrastructure
Safer, Secured and Innovative
Payment basis Single/ Unique Identifier
Enable seamless merchant transactions
Benefits for end Customers:
Round the clock availability
Single Application for accessing different bank accounts
Use of Virtual ID is more secure, no credential sharing
Single click authentication
Raise Complaint from Mobile App directly
Benefits for Merchants:
Seamless fund collection from customers – single identifiers
No risk of storing customer’s virtual address like in Cards
Tap customers not having credit/debit cards
Suitable for e-Com & m-Com transaction
Resolves the COD collection problem
Single click 2FA facility to the customer – seamless Pull
In-App Payments (IAP)
Registration in UPI enabled application
Steps for Registration:
User downloads the UPI application from the App Store / Banks website
User creates his/ her profile by entering details like name, virtual id (payment address), password etc.
User goes to “Add/Link/Manage Bank Account” option and links the bank and account number with the virtual id
Generating M – PIN:
User selects the bank account from which he/she wants to initiate the transaction
User clicks one of the option –
a. Mobile Banking Registration/Generate MPIN
b. Change M-PIN
In the case of 3(a) –
User receives OTP from the Issuer bank on his/her registered mobile number
User now enters last 6 digits of Debit card number and expiry date
User enters OTP and enters his preferred numeric MPIN (MPIN that he would like to set) and clicks on Submit
After clicking submit, customer gets notification (successful or decline)
In case of 2(b) –
User enters his old MPIN and preferred new MPIN (MPIN that he would like to set) and clicks on Submit
After clicking submit, customer gets notification (successful or failure)
Performing a UPI Transaction:
A. PUSH – sending money using virtual address
User logs in to UPI application
After successful login, user selects the option of Send Money / Payment
User enters beneficiary’s / Payee virtual id, amount and selects account to be debited
User gets confirmation screen to review the payment details and clicks on Confirm
User now enters MPIN
User gets successful or failure message
PULL – Requesting money:
User logs in to his bank’s UPI application
After successful login, user selects the option of collect money (request for payment)
User enters remitters / payers virtual id, amount and account to be credited
User gets confirmation screen to review the payment details and clicks on confirm
The payer will get the notification on his mobile for request money
Payer now clicks on the notification and opens his banks UPI app where he reviews payment request
Payer then decides to click on accept or decline
In case of accept payment, payer will enter MPIN to authorize the transaction
Transaction complete, payer gets successful or decline transaction notification
Payee / requester gets notification and SMS from bank for credit of his bank account